Types of Sewer Utilities
Water and sewer utilities are a major need for all industrial, commercial and residential households in a given area. Industrial, residential and commercial facilities require potable water for a smooth running of their activities hence a water utility system is put in place for providing this water. Sewer utilities, on the other hand, are meant to carry wastewater generated from the commercial, industrial and residential setting away into a commonplace. Both the pipes for water and sewer utilities run together in most regions although some sewer utilities run underground. Sewer pipes should be placed below the water pipes to prevent contamination of the potable water in situations where there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Sewer utilities carry the wastewater commonly referred to as sewage into a treatment facility or where they are disposed. All waste water from all premises in an area is carried in those sewer utilities as long as it is connected. Sewer utilities can also accommodate storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Most areas ensure that there are two separate sewer utilities for carrying sewage water and storm water. carrying the storm water and sewage separately make it easier to treat them as well as dispose them treated water. Waste water one treated in a treatment plant to remove all pollutants is releases into the environment where it can be used in many ways. In most places, the users of the sewer utilities are required to pay for the services which happen as they pay for the water utilities. The payments made are used for the proper running and maintenance of the sewer utilities.
There are also some area that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they use the septic tanks. There are various material used in making the septic tanks which include concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. Septic tanks are very effective for use in residential areas that produce less wastewater as compared to industrial and commercial premises. The septic tanks also have a mechanism of treating the wastewater disposed of which is then released into the environment. There are some measures one has to put in place to ensure prper running of the septic tank. These include reducing the amount of oil disposed as well as preventing release of harmful chemicals that are likely to kill microorganisms or destroy the septic tank. Regulations require septic tanks to be placed beneath the ground surface and one should ensure that they do not leak nor release odors into the environment. The law requires that the distance between the septic tank and the house be at least five feet.